The newborn’s coming to the world is not easy, so the first hours of the child on this side of the mother’s belly are very important. How to meet the baby in a best way?
At the end of the 38th week of pregnancy the child is ready to be born. This time, his pituitary gland releases a substance into the bloodstream that make the adrenal glands to produce stress hormones. Thanks to this, the child’s body is preparing for the difficult journey. At this time the mother’s body is also experiencing hormonal changes. The level of progesterone, which has supported the pregnancy, decreases, and the level of estrogen, on the contrary, increases. The mother’s pituitary gland releases oxytocin, which increases seizures. And then the birth begins.
The shrinking uterus pushes the baby. For mothers this part of childbirth is painful, but not for the baby. The head that paves the way for the rest of the body is partially insensitive to touches. The child feels only rhythmic squeezing and loosening, as well as tremors. Of course it’s unpleasant, but not painful. In addition, it is necessary to stimulate the lungs in the child. Thanks to this, the newborn can breathe independently.
The shock of birth
The moment of birth is a shock to the child. He suddenly finds himself in an open space and get the freedom of movement. Instead of the usual darkness of the womb, he sees a strong light, instead of heat, he feels cold. Instead of quiet mother’s heartbeat there is the new loud noises.
Children already can hear being in the womb and under normal conditions it does not cause discomfort. But it’s different outside. Noise can be a source of fatigue and irritation.
If possible, ask the staff to dim the bright lights and relative silence in the room. The fewer people will be with the mother and child at birth, the better.
It will be a long time before the child begins to understand the words, but he begins to respond to the mother’s voice from the birth.
If your baby is born in good condition, he is immediately placed on the mother’s belly. Examinations and hygiene procedures can wait. These first moments and touches are very important. A newborn baby feels safe on the mother’s chest or abdomen. What more he hears familiar heartbeat.
Immediately after birth the baby is usually not hungry. Through the placenta and umbilical cord, he was getting everything needed. But putting him to the mother’s breast is still worth it, so that it can be near mom as long as they both want it. This is very important for establishing mutual ties.
There is also a statement that the immediately application of the newborn to the mother’s breast significantly increases the likelihood of successful breastfeeding in future. But if for any reason it is impossible to attach the child to the breast immediately after birth, do not worry, accustoming the child to the breast is quite simple.
Umbilical cord cutting
The child is placed on the mother’s belly before cutting the umbilical cord. It is now believed that you do not need to cut it immediately. You can wait until the baby calms down and his body gradually stops pulsating. This means that the newborn receives oxygen mainly through the lungs. In cases when nurses do not cut the umbilical cord immediately, children do not scream very much in the first minutes of their lives. Thus, their lungs are able to expand gradually, with less discomfort.
When cutting the umbilical cord, two clips are fixed and the skin tissue in the middle is cut. If dad attends the process, he can do it himself. Some fathers say that cutting the umbilical cord requires the same force as “cutting the four-wire cable.” After cutting the umbilical cord blood is taking for examination.
What does a newborn look like
The head is elongated – this is the effect of skull bones parts adapting to the shape of the birth canal.
Hands and feet are blue – this is due to the immature circulatory system. Blood enters the hands and feet a little later than the rest of the body.
Red eyes – this is due to the force of contractions that push the child out – begin to turn white. Swollen eyes – it helps the eyes that used to shade to tolerate the sudden light.
A newborn sees objects located at a distance of 20-30 cm from the eyes best of all. Not a coincidence. It is at the distance that the mother’s face is at the time of feeding.
Often as a result of the penetration of maternal hormones through the placenta into the blood of the child, they are born with a “swollen” breast. Sometimes even drops of milk flow out of them.
The body of a born on time child is covered with vernix. It is a the waxy or cheese-like white substance – a natural “cream”that is resistant to water, which protects the skin from maceration.
The newborn does not need to be washed immediately, unless the amniotic fluid was green or there is a suspicion of intrauterine infection. But if everything is ok, the newborn should be put to the mother to have a rest.
Baby after birth
After birth, the child is examined on various parameters, washed and swaddled.
A newborn uses touch to get the most important and most enjoyable experiences. He is obviously pleased when it is wrapped with something soft and warm. But as for the test procedures, and especially weighing, it is unpleasant and difficult. Because the surface of many objects, such as scales for weighing seems sharply cold.