It’s sad, but true that sometimes the expectant mother, who already has to overcome many unpleasant symptoms associated with pregnancy, from nausea and vomiting to heartburn and indigestion, also faces a cold during pregnancy.
Cold during pregnancy is not uncommon. And there is nothing surprising in the fact that the future mother is at increased risk of the diseases, including cold, fever, SARS and flu. She has all the chances to get sick, and this is due to a decrease in immunity during this period, which requires special care for the body.
Reduced immunity to some extent can be attributed to the protective mechanism provided by nature. Thus, it protects the fetus and allows to carry it. The mother’s body, placenta and embryo produce substances that inhibit the immune response to “alien” (for the immune system of the mother’s) bodies and organisms. This is necessary to ensure that the fetus is not rejected by the body of a pregnant woman.
However, it also reduces the ability of woman’s immune system to “properly” respond and protect her from viruses and bacteria. Therefore, there is an increased sensitivity to cold during pregnancy, often occurs, cough, cold, gastrointestinal disorders, and even a high risk of catching the flu.
How to distinguish flu from cold during pregnancy?
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Flu and cold are both caused by viruses and are related to respiratory diseases. They can cause similar symptoms, so it can be difficult or even impossible to distinguish them from each other. A doctor’s consultation is required.
In general, cold is a much easier disease than flu, and the symptoms are less pronounced and do not appear suddenly. Cold during pregnancy usually do not cause serious health problems such as pneumonia, bacterial infections and do not require hospitalization.
Flu can also have very serious complications and consequences, so it is much more dangerous.
Treatment of cold during pregnancy
First of all, if you experience unpleasant symptoms other than the usual pregnancy-related symptoms, you should consult a doctor. He will diagnose the disease, prescribe drugs that are safe for mother and child, determine the dose and duration of treatment.
However, treatment for cold during pregnancy based on medications is not a panacea, and this is not the only thing to do. The future mother should strengthen the body, primarily with nutrition.
The problem is that a full and proper diet for the expectant mother is sometimes difficult. Decreased appetite or no appetite is a fairly common symptom of flu and cold during pregnancy. However, a full diet is necessary for a quick recovery. Including for the treatment of flu or cold during pregnancy.
How to soothe sore throat during pregnancy
Sometimes sore throat is not even associated with colds, SARS or flu. It could be a separate symptom appearing on its own. But in any case, it causes great discomfort and literally interferes with life.
With a sore throat, again, it’s hard to eat. In this case, it is recommended to eat more dishes that are easy to pass through the throat and esophagus. It can be all kinds of soups, purees, crushed foods, fruit mousse, smoothies, etc.
But it’s better to quit hot or highly acidic dishes, although it will surprise many woman. Such food have a negative effect on the mucous and soft tissues of the throat and esophagus.
To relieve the pain of a cold during pregnancy, it is useful to moisten the throat. For this need the woman should drink many fluid (neutral temperature!). First of all it is water. It is also useful to drink juices, fruit drinks, but without added sugar. For the purpose that it does not feed bacteria.
Gargle the throat with salt – the usual home remedies method. It is very simple and ancient as the world, but always works well. The gargling can relieve pain of the sore throat, and it does not dry it.
Treatment for runny nose during pregnancy
Here, again, it is worth emphasizing the importance of copious drinking for the treatment of cold during pregnancy. It is necessary for a quick recovery. Due to good hydration of the body, its mucous membranes do not dry out. And this, in its turn, weakens the attack of viruses and eases the runny nose during pregnancy.
The most recommended liquid for the treatment of cold during pregnancy is primarily clear water. It should be more than half of all consumed liquid. The rest part can be given to soups, juices, milk or fruit tea without adding sugar.
Good to have a thermos next to the bed, and drink from it as often as possible.
Although it was once claimed that drinking milk increases the runny nose, there is no scientific evidence for this. Therefore, there is no reason to stop the use of milk and dairy products.
Things to avoid when treat cold during pregnancy
As already mentioned in the beginning, for the treatment of flu and cold during pregnancy, it is best to consult a doctor, and not to treat yourself. Incorrect and untimely treatment can cause complications, including those that affect the child. Remember that many substances, viruses and bacteria penetrate the placenta, and their effect on the developing fetus is not fully studied.
At home, you can only relieve symptoms and pain. But only with the help of the above recommendations. Because, although for many people it is not obvious, “natural” or “herbal” medicine, as well as folk remedies are not allowed for pregnant women. They can cause allergic reactions and have an undesirable effect on the course of pregnancy.
It is very important to consult your doctor before taking any medications or dietary supplements in the treatment of cold during pregnancy.