Our perception of the world differs from what newborn babies feel and see. Coming into the world, the newborn does not have developed baby vision. Because the fetus, during the time in the womb, is not influenced by visual stimulus. After birth, the baby blinks his eyes and turns his head away from the light source. At this time, his eyes are hypersensitive to the light. It’s interesting, after a few minutes he notices mother’s face, but still blurred.
What can see a newborn
At first he clearly sees only those objects which are at a distance of about 20-30cm. Everything else is blurry. He does not yet distinguish colors, he sees only different shades of gray. This limited baby vision protects him from unnecessary too bright things. This way he can gradually and safely explore the world.
Studies conducted at the University of California, Berkeley, show that already two-week-old children react to colors and distinguish green and red objects. They prefer white, red and yellow, they don’t like black, blue and green. However, it is worth remembering that their skills are not yet the same as in adults. They do not see subtle differences between similar colors. For example, they do not distinguish red and orange.
Between the first and third months of life, baby vision field expands from 30 cm to 3 m. Such abilities as shape, color and brightness perceptions, the ability to distinguish elements from the background develop gradually. For example, at the age of 9 weeks, the child contrast sensitivity is ten times more accurate comparing to the first days of life and is almost as developed as adult.
Stimulation of the baby eyesight development
Baby vision during the first-week
Visual activity in early infancy keeps brain cells at a high level. It is necessary to stimulate the baby eyesight development in the child. But this should be done in moderation and remember that the process should not be accelerated. With a newborn whose development is impaired, such stimulation becomes necessary. Newborns who remain in the incubator after birth have fewer opportunities to perform visual functions. Their eyes need more time to start proper functioning.
Moreover, active visual perception is a basic stage in the development of intelligence and learning the language of communication. It has a positive effect on the development of coordination and movement.
When planning to play with your child, always pay attention to the rhythm of sleep and wakefulness. The child should be full, have a dry diaper, should lie comfortably, and clothes should not limit his movements. Your child’s first toys should firstly to stimulate his baby vision.
From about 4-6 weeks you can use black and white cards with drawings, as well as matching contrasting books and toys in bright colors. It is worth noting the red color (yes, kids like bright red lipstick on the mother’s lips), yellow, green and blue are good for baby vision at this time. To make them easier to perceive, choose these colors in contrast. Your child will certainly pay attention to simple drawings and clearly marked contours.
It is recommended to place black and white illustrations to the right or left of the child, not directly above his head. You will notice that a four-week-old child is already looking at strongly contrasting edges. For example, a place where white and black or red meet. Thanks to this, he learns about the boundaries of objects. In the future it will help him pick up toys and acquire new, important skills.
At this point, you can forget about pastel paintings, although they are widely available and seem attractive to adults. Your child will not appreciate them at all. Tell your child what he sees – this way you will explain to him the new surrounding reality. All these procedures, as well as frequent eye contact, smile, deepen the emotional connection between you.
Baby vision after three months
At the age of about three months, the child begins to respond with a smile, and turns his head for a toy or a person. Thus he begins to actively seek information about the world using baby vision. Studies show that three-month-old children prefer red and yellow because they stimulate their nervous system.
Moreover, at this age your child begins to look more at three-dimensional images. Now he is more interested in the real world or colorful pictures than in contours and contrasts. For example, he looks forward to the elements of the face, such as eyes, nose, lips. He begins to look closely at the drawings in the books and. For example, he notes that the butterfly on a white background also has a large red dot on the wing.
Baby eyesight development after four months
Around the fourth month of life should give to read books with thick pages (if you didn’t do it before). The contact book has a lot of advantages.
Of course, in most cases, only babies of ten or eleven months age can turn pages in hardcover books. But the earlier he or she touches interesting images, the more often the child looks at them and shows to the parents.
In the middle of the fourth month of life, baby vision already allows to coordinate images from both eyes and begin to see three-dimensionally image. A five-month-old child can hold a toy in his hand, concentrate on another subject and listen to the parent’s book reading. At the age of six or seven months, he begins to react and be interested in the objects that fell from the table.
In the first year of life, baby vision develops very intensively. And it plays an increasingly important role in the process of learning the world. At this time, the child needs appropriate visual stimul adapted to his abilities.